Please use the following links to jump directly to a particular agency:
Agency Information/Mission: The United States Commission on Civil Rights (Commission) is an independent, bipartisan, fact-finding agency of the executive branch established under the Civil Rights Act of 1957. The Commission has the following mandate:
- Investigate complaints alleging that citizens are being deprived of their right to vote by reason of their race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or by reason of fraudulent practices;
- Study and collect information relating to discrimination or a denial of equal protection of the laws under the Constitution because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice;
- Appraise Federal laws and policies with respect to discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice;
- Serve as a national clearinghouse for information in respect to discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin;
- Submit reports, findings, and recommendations to the President and Congress;
- Issue public service announcements to discourage discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws.
Phone: (202) 514-2151
TDD: (202) 514-0716
Additional Contact Information: http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/mgmtndx.htm
E-Mail: Contact individual department, as listed at Civil Rights Section Home Pages
Agency Information/Mission: The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice was established in 1957 following enactment of the first civil rights statutes since Reconstruction. The Division is the primary institution within the federal government responsible for enforcing federal statutes prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, sex, handicap, religion, and national origin. The Division enforces the laws prohibiting discrimination in education, employment, credit, housing, public accommodations and facilities, voting, and certain federally funded and conducted programs. In addition, the Division prosecutes actions under several criminal civil rights statutes which were designed to preserve personal liberties and safety. The Division is responsible for coordinating the civil rights enforcement efforts of federal agencies whose programs are covered by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and assists federal agencies in identifying and removing discriminatory provisions in their policies and programs.
Frequently Asked Questions About Employment Discrimination
Disability Rights Section Home Page
The primary goal of the Disability Rights Section is to achieve equal opportunity for people with disabilities in the United States by implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), through enforcement, certification, regulatory, coordination, and technical assistance activities, as required by the ADA.
Employment Litigation Section
The Employment Litigation Section enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – the federal civil rights law prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion and national origin – with respect to state and local government employers.
Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices (OSC)
OSC investigates and prosecutes employers charged with national origin and citizenship status discrimination, as well as document abuse and retaliation under the antidiscrimination provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Agency Information/Mission: The Department of Labor fosters and promotes the welfare of the job seekers, wage earners, and retirees of the United States by improving their working conditions, advancing their opportunities for profitable employment, protecting their retirement and health care benefits, helping employers find workers, strengthening free collective bargaining, and tracking changes in employment, prices, and other national economic measurements. In carrying out this mission, the Department administers a variety of Federal labor laws including those that guarantee workers’ rights to safe and healthful working conditions; a minimum hourly wage and overtime pay; freedom from employment discrimination; unemployment insurance; and other income support.
Summary of the Major Laws of the Department of Labor
Employment Laws Assistance
Workers Information Page
ELaws: Employment Law Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses
Wage and Hour Division Home Page
Agencies Within the Department of Labor:
Agency Information/Mission: The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to save lives, prevent injuries and protect the health of America’s workers. To accomplish this, federal and state governments must work in partnership with the more than 100 million working men and women and their six and a half million employers who are covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Sharing the responsibility for oversight of workplace safety and health are 26 states that run their own OSHA programs with 3,105 employees including 1,378 inspectors. OSHA plays a vital role in preventing on-the-job injuries and illnesses through outreach, education and compliance assistance.
Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) (formerly the Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration)
U.S. Department of Labor
Frances Perkins Building
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20210
Agency Information/Mission: EBSA is committed to educating and assisting over 200 million pension, health and other employee benefit plan participants and beneficiaries and more than 3 million plan sponsors and members of the employee benefit community. EBSA promotes voluntary compliance and facilitates self-regulation, working diligently to provide quality assistance to plan participants and beneficiaries. EBSA’s goal in providing direct assistance is to raise the knowledge level of plan participants and beneficiaries, service providers and other interested parties and to ensure that they have access to available plan documents filed with the Department of Labor. This enables participants to better understand and exercise their rights under the law and, when possible, to recover any benefits to which they may be entitled.
P.O. Box 7033
Lawrence, Kansas 66044
(National Contact Center)
Toll-Free (National Contact Center): (800) 669-4000
Phone (National Headquarters): (202) 663-4900
TTY: (202) 663-4494/ Toll-Free: (800) 669-6820
Fax: (703) 997-4890
E-Mail: [email protected] (Please include your zip code and/or city and state so that your email will be sent to the appropriate office.)
National Contact Center Website: https://eeoc.custhelp.com/cgi-bin/eeoc.cfg/php/enduser/home.php
Agency Information/Mission: EEOC was established in 1964 to enforce the employment provisions of civil rights legislation, and has jurisdiction over the Federal government’s role as an employer, public and private employers, public and private employment agencies, and labor organizations. EEOC provides leadership to Federal departments and agencies with equal employment opportunity programs and provides assistance to departments and agencies in the implementation and completion of equal employment coordination responsibilities. Through our headquarters and field offices, we receive, review, and process charges of employment discrimination and approve the filing of civil rights discrimination suits under legislation, including
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. Pregnancy Discrimination Act, which requires employers to treat pregnancy and pregnancy related medical conditions, as any other medical disability with respect to terms and conditions of employment, including health benefits. Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Equal Pay Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, which prohibits sex discrimination in the payment of wages to men and women performing substantially equal work in the same establishment.Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), which protects workers 40 and older from discrimination in hiring, discharge, pay, promotions, fringe benefits and other aspects of employment; prohibits the termination of pension contributions and accruals on account of age; and governs early retirement incentive plans; and other aspects of benefits planning and integration for older workers. Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, fringe benefits, job training, and other terms, conditions and privileges of employment.
Federal Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Laws
Contacting the EEOC
EEOC Field Offices and Jurisdictional Map
Agency Information/Mission: Established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, the Board serves as guardian of the Federal Government’s merit-based system of employment, principally by hearing and deciding appeals from Federal employees of removals and other major personnel actions. The Board’s mission is to ensure that Federal employees are protected against abuses by agency management, that Executive Branch agencies make employment decisions in accordance with the merit systems principles, and that Federal merit systems are kept free of prohibited personnel practices. The Board also hears and decides other types of civil service cases, reviews regulations of the Office of Personnel Management, and conducts studies of the merit systems.
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